Crucial Facts about Liposuction
Liposuction is a kind of cosmetic surgery that removes excess fat to improve body appearance and to smooth irregular body shapes. The method is often called body contouring.
Liposuction may be useful for contouring neck, under the chin, cheeks, abdomen, upper arms, buttocks, thighs, hips, knees, calves, and ankle areas. It may involve a painful recuperation. Liposuction may have serious or rare fatal complications.
Tumescent liposuction (fluid injection)
Tumescent liposuction is the most common kind of liposuction. It involves injecting a large amount of medicated solution into the areas before the fat is removed. At times, the solution may be up to three times the amount of fat to be removed.
The fluid is a combination of local anesthetic; Local anesthetic helps numb the part during and after surgery. Anesthesia may only be needed for this procedure. Epinephrine in the solution helps lessen blood loss, swelling and bruising. The intravenous salt solution helps remove the fat easily. It is suctioned out along with the fat; this kind of liposuction usually takes longer than other kind of Procedures.
Ultrasound Assisted liposuction (UAL)
Ultrasound assisted liposuction (UAL) uses ultrasonic vibrations to turn fat cells into liquid. Then, the cells can be vacuumed out. UAL is done in two ways, external or internal.
The technique helps remove fat from dense, fiber filled (fibrous) parts of the body such as the upper back or engorged male breast tissue. UAL is often used as follow-up procedures with the tumescent technique, or for greater precision. This procedure takes longer than the super-wet technique.
Laser Assisted liposuction (LAL)
Laser assisted liposuction (LAL) uses laser energy to liquefy fat cells. Once the cells are watery, they can be vacuumed out or permitted to sap out through small tubes. Since the tube used during LAL is lesser than the ones used in conventional liposuction, surgeons prefer using LAL for confined areas like the jowls, chin and face. The advantage of LAL over other liposuction procedures is that energy from the LAL stimulates collagen productions which help in preventing skin sag. This helps prevent skin sag after liposuction.
Uses for liposuction
The following are various uses for liposuction:
- Cosmetic reasons.
- To improve sexual function by reducing abnormal fat deposits in thighs, thus allowing easier access to the vagina.
- Body shaping for people who have fatty bulges and cannot be removed by exercising or dieting.
What liposuction is not used for?
- As an alternative for exercise and diet, or as a cure for general obesity.
- Fat on the sides of the breasts, because the breast is a common site for cancer.
Risks of Liposuction
Risks associated with liposuction include:
- Shock (usually when not enough fluid is replaced during the surgery)
- Fluid overload
- Fat embolism
- Bleeding, blood clot
- Drug reactions
Procedure and After Care of Liposuction
Before the day of surgery, blood drawn and urine sample will be provided. This allows the health care giver to eliminate possible tricky situations. Hospital stay is not required, Expand Sectionafter the surgery, bandages and a compression garment are used to keep pressure on the area, stop any bleeding and help in maintaining shape.
Bandages are kept in place for at least 2 weeks while compression garment for few more weeks. The sutures will be removed within 5 to 10 days; Antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent infection. Swelling, bruising, pains and numbness may occur but they can be managed with drugs.
Walk as soon as possible after surgery to help prevent blood clots from forming in the legs. Strenuous exercise should be avoided for about a month after the surgery. Work may be resumed after several weeks of surgery.